Minorities rule Canadian cities, a trend that will accelerate in the years ahead.
And for now this phenomenon is taking place in Ontario.
Two cities where minorities are the majority are the cities of Brampton and Markham.
Markham is one of a handful of majority-minority cities where minorities rule..
Visible minorities are people who are not white or indigenous.
In Markham’s case the minority group constitutes 78 per cent of the population.
Jennifer Chin first moved to Markham in 1991.
She was born in Jamaica.
She and her husband are ethnically Chinese.
They raised three children and running a business making Jamaican patties.
When she arrived Markham’s population was less than half what it is today.
And only 14 per cent of the population was Chinese.
She witnessed how a wave of immigrants changed the city.
They were Cantonese-speaking Chinese from Hong Kong, Indians, Sri Lankans, then Mandarin speakers from mainland China.
Today only 22 per cent of Markham’s population are of European origin.
The remainders are, 46 per cent Chinese, 18 percent south Asian and the rest are of other backgrounds such as Iranian, Italian and Filipino.
Minorities Rule Canadian Cities
And these demographic trends will happen to other Canadian cities.
The 2016 census put it all in perspective.
Canada’s population grew by 1.7 million people for the five-year-period from 2011 to 2016.
Immigrants accounted for two-thirds of the increase.
And over the coming years, immigrants to Canada will account for more and more of Canada’s population growth.
By 2031, one in three Canadians will belong to a visible minority.
And the visible minority groups have higher birth rates and younger populations.
This will result in growth almost eight times the rate of the Canadian population over the next 20 years.
Their ranks will grow from 5.3 million today to between 11.4 million and 14.4 million by 2031, one-third of whom will be Canadian-born.
One in four will be foreign-born, the highest proportion since the end of the last wave of mass immigration that began around 1910, Statscan says.
Read more about Canada’s changing demographic and how it will affect your city.